battle of aitape

[8], The operations were characterised by prolonged small-scale patrolling with small-scale company attacks. Help - F.A.Q. [8] Heavy fighting continued for four days after this, and the Australians resorted to the use of flame throwers for the first time in the war, using them effectively against heavily entrenched Japanese positions; the weapon had a profound psychological effect, boosting the morale of the Australians and sapping that of the Japanese defenders, many of whom simply fled in the face of flame thrower teams. The battle should not be co… On 28 June his men attacked the Americans on the Driniumor River, east of Aitape, triggering a fierce battle that lasted into August. The Battle of Driniumor River, also known as The Battle of Aitape, 10 July – 25 August 1944, was part of the Western New Guinea campaign of World War II. Jump to: General, Art, Business, Computing, Medicine, Miscellaneous, Religion, Science, Slang, Sports, Tech, Phrases We found one dictionary with English definitions that includes the word battle of aitape: Click on the first link on a line below to go directly to a page where "battle of aitape" is defined. As preparations began for this drive, it was decided that defence of the area would be passed to Australian forces in order to release the American troops for service elsewhere. The Aitape–Wewak campaign was one of the final campaigns of the Pacific Theatre of World War II. The Battle of the Driniumor River Once Aitape was secured, 163 Regiment was pulled out for operations further west. On 16 March 1945, the airfields at But and Dagua on the coast were occupied, although fighting continued further inland from there over the course of the following fortnight as the Australians fought to gain control of the Tokuku Pass. Patrols by the 2/6th Cavalry Commando Regiment preceded the main Australian advance of the 6th Division. There was very little resistance in the area. The Battle in Brief. [8], Initially tasked with the defence of the port, airfield and base facilities at Aitape, the 2/6th Cavalry Commando Regiment was ordered to advance towards Wewak to destroy the remnants of the Japanese 18th Army. A series of minor actions followed, but no significant engagements took place, and at the end of four weeks the Australians had reached Wallum, about 45 miles (72 km) east of Aitape. Battlefield "Battle of the Driniumor River" Aitape - West Sepik. Crash Site & Remains P-40N-5-CU Warhawk 42-105738 Aitape - West Sepik. [2][20], During the course of the campaign, the strategic necessity of the operation was called into question as it became clear that the fighting would have little impact upon the outcome of the war. [5] Consequently, in early October 1944, troops from the Australian 6th Division along with some support personnel from the 3rd Base Sub Area began to arrive at Aitape to relieve the American garrison. [9] A naval force, known as Wewak Force, supported the landing at Dove Bay, and included HMA Ships Swan, Colac, Dubbo and Deloraine as well as ships from the 1st New Guinea M.L. The first wave landed at 6.45am on 22 April. [7] Upon the arrival of the Australians, however, the 6th Division's commander, Major General Jack Stevens, decided to begin offensive operations, albeit on a limited scale, to clear the Japanese forces from the coastal area. In 1942 the Japanese occupied the Aitape region in northern New Guinea as part of their general advance south. The Battle of Manila was a major battle of the Philippine campaign of 1944-45, during the Second World War. [15], Following this, the remaining Japanese in the area withdrew into the Prince Alexander Mountains to the south of Wewak. It is a coastal settlement that is almost equidistant from the provincial capitals of Wewak and Vanimo, and marks the midpoint of … [16], By the end of the campaign, the Australians had lost 442 men killed and 1,141 wounded in battle. A TEAM of Australian Army personnel have completed the exhuming of war casualties at Vokau village in Aitape, West Sepik, with the unveiling of a … [8] The fighting around Wewak Airfield continued until 15 May, however, when men from the 2/4th Battalion, with armoured support, attacked Japanese positions overlooking the airstrip. The Japanese were caught out and both places fell easily. - Contact Us - Search - Recent - About Us -  Subscribe in a reader - Join our Google Group Flotilla,[10] under the command of Bill Dovers, captain of Swan. [21] By late 1944, the Australian Army had taken a secondary role in the fighting and there was a political need for Australia to demonstrate that it was sharing the burden in the Pacific. Both landings caught the Japanese entirely by surprise. Aitape, Tadji, Battle of the Driniumor River: May 3rd - July 18th, 1944. It was decided to seize a suitable location for a forward airfield at the same time as the attack on Hollandia. It was replaced by 32 Division (Gill) on 4 May 1944. Aitape had also been attacked by aircraft from the fast carriers of Admiral Mitscher's Task Force 58. 71 Wing RAAF, which included Nos. Allied intelligence estimated Japanese forces in the region to be between 24,000 to 30,000 men. [12] The Japanese for their part, lacking significant air and naval assets, and low on ammunition and other supplies, had also sought to avoid engagement. At that point in time, I was running … a 2-inch mortar* crew. Interpretation The goal of the group and its presentation of the above unit will be to accurately and vividly portray the tasks of combat engineers and their lives near and on the front line. the Second World War The Japanese had built two airfields at Aitape. [3], Following this, Aitape was developed as base from which to support the continuing Allied drive towards the Philippines and the US forces in the area increased to include elements of the 31st and 32nd Infantry Divisions. SC-107 pointed to the Canadians as the weak link in the mid-ocean. Inadequate training, maintenance, leadership, equipment . It suffered repeated bombing attacks by the United States and Royal Australian Air Forces, most notably on 17 August 1943, when heavy bombing and strafing by 150 Allied aircraft destroyed an estimated 50 percent of the Japanese aircraft on the ground. Between November 1944 and the end of the war in August 1945, the Australian 6th Division, with air and naval support, fought the Imperial Japanese 18th Army in northern New Guinea. During the fighting, Japanese forces launched several attacks on United States forces on the Driniumor River, near Aitape in New Guinea, over the course of several weeks with the intention of retaking Aitape. Most of the rest were the staff from the airfields, including ground crews and air crews, but five Allied air raids against the area in late March and early April had eliminated the vast majority of the Japanese aircraft, so the airmen could only be used as impromptu infantry. Throughout 1943 and into 1944, the Allies began a series of offensives in New Guinea and the surrounding area as they sought to reduce the main Japanese base around Rabaul on New Britain, as part of a general advance towards the Philippines that was planned for 1944 and 1945. When the Americans landed they were still in the middle of this 210 mile march across some very difficult terrain, and after the success of the invasion they turned back. The airfield at Tadji was securely in Allied hands and Aitape could now be used for a staging area to support further operations. Crash Site & Remains P-38J-15-LO Lightning # 42-103987 Aitape - West Sepik. Recaptured by an American landing on 22 April 1944, it was developed as a base area to support the continuing drive towards the Philippines. By the spring of 1944 it was clear that Operation Cartwheel, the series of attacks carried out to isolate Rabaul, were close to success. General Adachi, commander of the 18th Army, had been ordered to send reinforcements to Aitape, and two regiments had left Wewak on 13 April. After making some initial gains, the Japanese attack was contained and eventually … 4 Squadron. Hollandia had the best natural harbour on that part of the coast, and was the point from where MacArthur wanted to turn north to attack the Philippines, but it was a long way past the most advanced Allied positions. On 11 May, a landing at Dove Bay by Farida Force was undertaken to encircle Wewak and prevent the escape of its garrison. A handful of prisoners were captured, and the rest of the garrison escaped east towards Wewak. [16] Meanwhile, the 19th Brigade came up against strongly defended positions around several high features known as Mount Kawakubo, Mount Tazaki and Mount Shiburangu. As New Guinea was an Australian territory at the time, it was argued that there was a responsibility to clear the Japanese from that area. The Aitape–Wewak campaign was one of the final campaigns of the Pacific Theatre of World War II. [8] After Dogreto Bay was occupied, the supply problems eased somewhat for the Australians. [19] Japanese casualties are estimated at between 7,000 and 9,000 killed while 269 were captured during the fighting. The Battle of Driniumor River, also known as the Battle of Aitape, 10 July – 25 August 1944, was part of the Western New Guinea campaign of World War II. The first Japanese unit to swing into action against the Driniumor defenses of the PERSECUTION Covering Force was the 1st Battalion, 78th Infantry, which, about 2355, charged across the river along a narrow front against Company G, 128th Infantry. The Aitape - Wewak campaign was one of the final campaigns of the Pacific Theatre of World War II. On 22 April 1944, however, United States Army forces landed and recaptured the area. The landings at Aitape were on a smaller scale than the landings at Hollandia, where most of two divisions were used. … my objective was safe because we were further back, out of gun range. The Australian 6th Division had been converted to the jungle division establishment with a complement of 13,118 men, which was approximately 4,000 fewer than a standard Australian division. In that regard, it was argued that the Japanese forces in Aitape–Wewak posed no strategic threat to the Allies as they advanced towards mainland Japan and that if they could be isolated and contained they could be left to "wither on the vine" as their supplies ran out. After making some initial gains, the Japanese attack was contained and eventually turned back having suffered heavy casualties. Following this it was developed as base from which to support the continuing Allied drive towards the Philippines. The biggest battle that we had was the Battle of Ortona, where we lost a lot of men. The Americans lost 2 dead during the first day and 19 dead by the time the area was secured, the Japanese around 525 in the overall battle. Crash Site & Remains P-40N Kittyhawk A29-527 Aitape - West Sepik. The name Battle of Aitape or Aitape campaign may refer to any one of three military actions in proximity to Aitape in the Western New Guinea campaign of 1944-45:. Training, maintenance, leadership, and equipment all seemed to be inadequate. [22], Nevertheless, at the time that the operation was planned there was no way for the Australian commanders to know when the war would come to an end and there were political and operational reasons to carry out the campaign. A number of alternatives were examined, and eventually the decision was made to attack Aitape, on the north-western coast of Australian New Guinea, east of Hollandia. General Adachi was now totally isolated at Wewak and Hansa Bay. Adachi was a determined figure, and decided that it was worth launching a counterattack against Aitape. For his actions he was posthumously awarded the Victoria Cross. The captured airfield was ready for use within 48 hours of the attack and was soon in use by Kittyhawks from No.78 Wing, RAAF. On 22 April 1944, United States Army forces—primarily the 163rd Regimental Combat Team from the 41st Infantry Division—landed at Aitape and recaptured the area to help secure the flank of US forces fighting around Hollandia. Japanese forces attacked United States forces on the Driniumor River, near Aitape in New Guinea. Invasion Beach Aitape Aitape - West Sepik. Between November 1944 and the end of the war in August 1945, the Australian 6th Division, with air and naval support, fought the Imperial Japanese 18th Army in northern New Guinea. [17] As such, the campaign has sometimes been referred to as an "unnecessary campaign",[21] and General (later Field Marshal) Thomas Blamey, commander-in-chief of the Australian Military Forces, was accused of undertaking it for "his own glorification". The Aitape–Wewak campaign was one of the final cam­paigns of the Pa­cific The­atre of World War II. ★ Aitape. The decisive battle of the Atlantic war was looming and any weakness in Allied escort forces had potentially disastrous consequences. [7] During this period there had been very little contact between the Japanese and US forces in the area,[8] and US forces had remained on a primarily defensive footing, restricting their operations to limited patrols around their position on the Driniumor. Aitape is a small town of about 18,000 people on the north coast of Papua New Guinea in the Sandaun Province. A few days after the landings at Hollandia and Aitape he had pulled out of Madang, his base on the north-eastern coast of New Guinea and Allied troops occupied it on 24 March. 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